The types of abortion procedures performed during the first trimester are:
Methotrexate & Misoprostol (MTX):
a medical abortion procedure used up to the first seven weeks of pregnancy. This medication combination is not as commonly used in the U.S. with the availability of mifepristone, which works more effectively for this use.
Mifepristone and Misoprostol:
a medical abortion procedure used up to the first seven to nine weeks of pregnancy. It can also be referred to as RU-486, the abortion pill, and mifeprex.
Manual Vacuum Aspiration (MVA):
a procedure used as early as 3 -12 weeks since the last period.
Dilation and Curettage (D & C):
a surgical abortion procedure used to terminate pregnancy up to 16 weeks from the last period. It can also be referred to as suction curettage, or vacuum aspiration.
What abortion procedures are used during the second trimester?
Medication-based abortion procedures are not an option during the second trimester.
The types of abortion procedures performed during the second trimester are:
Dilation & Curettage (D & C):
A surgical abortion procedure used to terminate a pregnancy up to 16 weeks gestation. It is also referred to as suction curettage or vacuum aspiration.
Dilation & Evacuation (D & E):
A surgical abortion procedure used to terminate a pregnancy after 16 weeks gestation.
A rarely performed surgical procedure where salt water, urea, or potassium chloride is injected into the amniotic sac; prostaglandins are inserted into the vagina, and pitocin is injected intravenously.
What abortion procedures are used during the third trimester?
Third trimester or late term abortions are not legal in a number of states except in certain medical situations. The time frame referred to as late term is often based on when a baby is considered “viable” (able to survive outside the womb). However, the point of “viability” is a grey area in many medical communities. Most medical communities establish 24 weeks gestation, the later part of the second trimester, as the earliest time of viability. Therefore, the availability of any procedure used in the third trimester is based on the laws of that state.
The procedures that can be done in the third trimester include:
Induction Abortion: a rarely done surgical procedure where salt water, urea, or potassium chloride is injected into the amniotic sac; prostaglandins are inserted into the vagina and pitocin is injected intravenously.
Dilation and Extraction: a surgical abortion procedure used to terminate a pregnancy after 21 weeks of gestation. This procedure is also known as D & X, Intact D & X, Intrauterine Cranial Decompression and Partial Birth Abortion.
*Abortion procedures last updated: 5/2015 americanpregnancy.org
The decision you make about your pregnancy will affect you for the rest of your life. Talk with trusted family members and friends. A New Generation also offers caring, trained Life Coaches who are available to help you through this confusing and difficult time. There is no cost for the counseling and it is completely confidential.
Some of us at A New Generation have been exactly where you are and made the decision to abort. We are available to share our experiences with you.